The solar storm is expected to pass through the Earth on November 4, according to scientists’ predictions.
The past few days have been a busy time for our Sun, where solar storms have resulted from three coronal mass ejection (CME) eruptions since 1.11.
A coronal eruption is the plasma and magnetic field lines that erupt from the corona – the Sun’s outer atmosphere. According to the US space agency NASA, a large coronal eruption can contain billions of tons of matter moving at millions of kilometers per hour.
Coronal eruptions sometimes occur after a “solar flare” occurs, although the two Sun-related phenomena are independent of each other. Coronal eruptions shoot masses of gas and magnetic fields into space, usually from sunspots in the Sun’s magnetic field. On November 1 and 2, a sunspot known as AR2887 unleashed two of these eruptions. Then, late on November 2, a second sunspot named AR2891 also produced a coronal eruption.
According to SpaceWeather.com data, the third eruption happened much faster, so it swept through all previous coronal eruptions, earning the nickname “cannibal” coronal eruption. .
All three coronal eruptions point more or less towards Earth, and scientists predict that the result will be a large coronal eruption that reaches Earth on the evening of 3.11 and produces solar storms, also known as solar storms. is a geomagnetic or magnetic storm, starting today 4.11.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)’s Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC), which monitors coronal eruptions and similar events, issued a warning statement. Average solar storm for November 4.11. Due to the effects of the solar storm, SWPC warned of potential grid fluctuations and anomalies in satellite orientation. Storms are also expected to amplify the aurora. Earth’s auroras occur when charged particles from the Sun interact with the upper atmosphere, creating a twinkling light. The Earth’s magnetic field directs these particles towards the polar regions, so they are often visible at high latitudes in the northern hemisphere.
But additional particles from solar storms can amplify the aurora so that they can be seen from further south, such as New York, Idaho, Illinois, Oregon, Maryland and Nevada in the US.
The Sun’s activity is corrected to an 11-year cycle, and currently, the Sun is in what scientists call a “25 solar cycle”. This cycle is expected to peak in 2025, and early projections suggest it will be a fairly moderate cycle, like its predecessor.