How to help stop the spread of COVID-19
COVID-19covid 19 is spread mainly from person to person through close contact.
Close contact means:
See more: Covid 19 isolation rules ontario
- being less than two metres away in the same room, workspace or area for at least 15 minutes, or multiple shorter lengths of time, without personal protective equipment in the 48 hours before symptoms began or a positive test result
- living in the same home
Close contacts in schools and child care should follow the school and child care-based guidance.
The best way to stop the spread of COVID-19covid 19 is to:
- get vaccinated and get your booster shot
- wear a face covering or mask when you are in indoor spaces open to the public
- stay home if you feel unwell (not related to getting a COVID-19covid 19 vaccine in the last 48 hours)
- isolate if you have symptoms of COVID-19covid 19
- learn what you should do if you’ve been exposed to COVID-19
- celebrate safely during special occasions
- continue to follow all public health measures
- take everyday actions:
- avoid crowds and maintain physical distance (at least two metres) from people you do not live with
- wash your hands often with soap and water or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer
- sneeze and cough into your sleeve
- avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth
- avoid contact with people who are sick
What to do if you have symptoms of COVID
Symptoms of COVID-19covid 19 and its variants range from mild — like the flu and other common respiratory infections — to severe. If you feel sick, it’s important that you stay home or talk with a doctor if necessary. Taking a self-assessment can help you determine if you have symptoms of COVID-19 and are required to isolate.
If you have symptoms of COVID-19covid 19, you must isolate for five days if you are:
- fully vaccinated and otherwise healthy
- under 12 years of age
You can end isolation after five days only if you have no fever and your other symptoms have been improving for at least 24 hours (or 48 hours for nausea, vomiting or diarrhea), and all public health and safety measures, such as masking and physical distancing, are followed.
If your symptoms are not in this list, stay home until your symptoms are improving for at least 24 hours or 48 hours if the symptoms affect the digestive system.
If you are not fully vaccinated or are immunocompromised, you must isolate for 10 days.
If you have symptoms of COVID-19covid 19 or have tested positive for COVID-19covid 19, you should also tell your close contacts that they may have been exposed. Informing your contacts will help stop the spread of the virus.
Everyone in your household must also isolate for the duration of your isolation period, unless they have previously tested positive in the last 90 days and they currently do not have symptoms.
What to do if you work or live in a highest risk settings and have symptoms of COVID-19 or were exposed
If you work or live in a highest-risk care setting, including hospitals, long-term care, retirement homes and congregate living settings (e.g., group homes, shelters, hospices, correctional institutions), you should:
- notify your employer
- not attend work for 10 days when your symptoms started or your date of diagnosis, whichever came first.
- If you have previously tested positive for COVID-19 in the past 90 days, and do not have symptoms, you can go to work. Self-monitor for symptoms for 10 days from your last exposure.
View more: Frontiers in Immunology
To help ensure sufficient staffing levels, workers in these settings may be required to return to work earlier than 10 days, with additional precautions such as testing.
What to do if you are a close contact
If you are a close contact of someone with symptoms of COVID-19covid 19 or who has tested positive for the virus, visit daypg.com/exposed to find out how to protect yourself and your contacts. Follow the steps outlined in being exposed to someone who has tested positive for COVID-19 and take the necessary precautions to help stop the spread.
How to care for someone with COVID-19
- wear a well-fitted mask as much as possible when in the same room
- increase ventilation in the room, such as by opening a window to increase fresh air
- wash your hands with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer after each contact with the infected person
- do not share dishes, drinking glasses, eating utensils, towels, bedding or other items with the infected person
- do not share cigarettes
- wear a mask and gloves when you have contact with any of the person’s bodily fluids
- take the gloves and mask off right after you provide care and throw them in a waste basket lined with a plastic bag
- take off the gloves first and clean your hands with soap and water before taking off your mask
Poster: How to Protect Yourself from COVID-19 (PDF)
Poster: Self-isolation: Guide for caregivers, household members and close contacts (PDF)