(CNN) – Scientists have identified the most plausible explanation for the origin of gold and platinum on Earth and in all other worlds: neutron stars – terrible “monsters” wandering among the stars why. For a heavy element like gold or platinum to be born, the protons in the atom need to be squeezed under a huge amount of energy. What is powerful enough to supply the world with precious metals everyone is passionate about is the question cosmologists have been trying to answer for a while.
According to Phys.org, there have long been two most supported theories about what makes gold and platinum: one is the merger of two neutron stars, the other is the merger of a neutron star and a black hole. Neutron stars are small, but exceptional “monsters” of the universe. It is usually the product of two massive star deaths, gathering super-energy from a previously living object to become a small but super-energetic thing, with a magnetic field about 1 billion times stronger than Earth’s. Soil.
Research from two US institutes, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the University of New Hampshire, has confirmed that the first hypothesis is reasonable, based on the comparison of heavy metal production between the two fusion models. .
Neutron stars are inherently powerful, the collision and fusion of two similar “monsters” creates a more terrible energy field, forcing protons in atoms together to create heavier, more energetic elements. creating heavier stuff, culminating in gold and platinum.
The origin of the merger of a neutron star and a black hole is ruled out for a simple reason: although they are also two super-powered “monsters”, the model – based on data collected by the two observatories LOGO and Virgo obtained – suggesting that the black hole will most likely emit sparks and spew heavy metals before swallowing the neutron star as well.
The study has just been published in the Astrophysical Journal