With the advancement of space science and heavy rockets, man’s dream of flying into space has been gradually realized.
Space rockets are vehicles that help people reach distant destinations in space such as the Moon and Mars. They are high-tech machines, specially built to transport individuals and equipment into space for space missions.
Since the invention of rockets, NASA and other space organizations have continuously developed and launched a series of rockets and test launches. Here are the 5 most powerful rockets ever built, according to Auto Journalism.
5. Soviet ENERGIA missile
The Soviet Union developed ENERGIA, a rocket designed to launch the unmanned Boron spacecraft into Earth orbit. The rocket was successfully launched on the first test, but the spacecraft it carried was unable to reach orbit due to a software error.
The rocket was 58.7 meters high and was first launched in May 1987 and was used until November 1988. Inside Earth’s orbit, it can carry payloads of up to nearly 100 tons.
4. Space X’s Starship rocket
The Starship rocket is being developed by aerospace company Space X in the US. The rocket is about 120 meters tall and has a payload of about 100 tons in low earth orbit.
It’s part of Space X’s specially designed vehicles to send people to Mars. The rocket is a key part of the company’s plan to build a base on Mars.
3. Space launch system SLS (Space Launch System SLS) of America
The US-made SLS space launch system has a height of 111 meters and can launch a maximum payload of 131 tons into Earth’s orbit. It is currently built for NASA’s famous Orion program.
The Orion spacecraft is designed to send astronauts to the moon and Mars. To achieve the Block 2 configuration, NASA plans to deploy improved boosters that are also in development. It is expected that the SLS Block 2 configuration will provide up to 4.3 million tons of thrust.
2. China’s Long March 3 (Long March 3)
Long March 3 is a rocket in China’s development stage. It will be 103 meters tall, have a diameter of more than 9 meters and can carry a maximum payload of more than 140 tons in low earth orbit.
Besides Long March 3, China has a more powerful Long March 9 rocket still under development and expected to be launched in 2028. Long March 9 will be a four-stage rocket with a total thrust of about 1,156 tons.
1. American Saturn V rocket
This is a remarkable American rocket used for several Apollo moon missions, including the 1969 Apollo 11 mission. Saturn V was successfully launched 13 times from Kennedy space center before being destroyed. discontinued in 1973.
In 1973, Saturn V also launched the Skylab space station into orbit. With a payload of up to 140 tons, Saturn V becomes one of the most powerful rockets in the world at the moment.