2020 Presidential ElectionDate: November 3, 2020 Presidential candidates Donald Trump Joe Biden Howie Hawkins Jo Jorgensen OverviewsCandidates on the issues • Battleground states • Electoral College • Pivot Counties DebatesSeptember 29 debate • October 7 debate • October 15 debate • October 22 debate • Democratic debates PrimariesDemocratic • Republican • Libertarian • Green • Constitution Presidential election changes in response to the coronavirus pandemic
Former Vice President Joe Biden (D) won the presidential election on November 3, 2020. Biden received 306 electoral votes and President Donald Trump (R) received 232 electoral votes. In the national popular vote, Biden received 81.2 million votes and Trump received 74.2 million votes.
Biden was sworn in on January 20, 2021, becoming the oldest president to take office at 78 years old. His running mate, former Sen. Kamala Harris (D-Calif.), became the first Black woman and person of South Asian descent to serve as vice president.
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This page provides an overview of the 2020 vice presidential nominees. It also includes a list of Democratic and Republican officials and public figures discussed as potential candidates for vice president in the 2020 presidential election.
The following candidates have been announced for vice president:
- Kamala Harris (D), U.S. senator from California
- Mike Pence (R), vice president of the United States and former governor
- Jeremy “Spike” Cohen (L), entrepreneur and podcaster
- Angela Nicole Walker (G), veteran and labor activist
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In the 2016 presidential election, the Democratic, Republican, Libertarian, and Green presidential candidates had all chosen their running mates by August 1, 2016.
Potential Democratic vice presidential candidates
The following 29 elected officials and public figures were discussed as potential candidates for the 2020 Democratic vice presidential nomination.
- Stacey Abrams, 2018 gubernatorial candidate from Georgia
- Tammy Baldwin, U.S. senator from Wisconsin
- Karen Bass, chairwoman of the Congressional Black Caucus
- Cory Booker, former 2020 presidential candidate and U.S. senator from New Jersey
- Sherrod Brown, U.S. senator from Ohio
- Pete Buttigieg, former 2020 presidential candidate
- Bob Casey, U.S. senator from Pennsylvania
- Julián Castro, former 2020 presidential candidate and secretary of housing and urban development
- Catherine Cortez Mastro, U.S. senator from Nevada
- Val Demings, a U.S. representative from Florida
- Tammy Duckworth, U.S. senator from Illinois
- Maggie Hassan, U.S. senator from New Hampshire
- Jahana Hayes, a U.S. representative from Connecticut
- Doug Jones, U.S. senator from Alabama
- Laura Kelly, governor of Kansas
- Keisha Lance Bottoms, mayor of Atlanta
- Brenda Lawrence, a U.S. representative from Michigan
- Michelle Lujan Grisham, governor of New Mexico
- Gavin Newsom, governor of California
- Michelle Obama, former First Lady of the United States
- Gina Raimondo, governor of Rhode Island
- Condoleezza Rice (R), former secretary of state
- Susan Rice, former ambassador to the United Nations
- Terri Sewell, a U.S. representative from Alabama
- Jeanne Shaheen, U.S. senator from New Hampshire
- Elizabeth Warren, former 2020 presidential candidate and U.S. senator from Massachusetts
- Gretchen Whitmer, governor of Michigan
- Andrew Yang, former 2020 presidential candidate
- Sally Yates, former U.S. deputy attorney general
Potential Republican vice presidential candidates
The following seven elected officials and public figures were discussed as potential candidates for the 2020 Republican vice presidential nomination.
If you are aware of any potential candidates that should be included, please email us.
- Kelly Ayotte, former U.S. senator from New Hampshire
- Marsha Blackburn, U.S. senator from Tennessee
- Liz Cheney, U.S. representative from Wyoming
- Lindsey Graham, U.S. senator from South Carolina
- Nikki Haley, former ambassador to the United Nations
- Mia Love, former U.S. representative from Utah
How vice presidential candidates are selected
Prior to the ratification of the Twelfth Amendment in 1804, the runner-up in the presidential election became vice president of the United States. The Twelfth Amendment required ballots to be cast separately for the offices of president and vice president.
Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, vice presidential candidates were typically chosen by the party to balance a ticket either geographically or ideologically. In 1960, for example, John F. Kennedy (D), a northerner, chose Lyndon B. Johnson (D) from Texas to be his running mate. Elaine Kamarck, the founding director of the Center for Effective Public Management, said this framework began to shift in 1992 for a partnership model. Recent presidents “have chosen running mates for their ability to help them be partners in the ever more complex governing process,” Kamarck said.
Changes to the primary process in the 20th century also adjusted the purpose of the national convention, with most presidential nominees securing the nomination prior to the event. The last multi-ballot Democratic national convention took place in 1952. Conventions were no longer a forum for debate and negotiation around the selection of the vice presidential candidate. For this reason, nearly every Democratic and Republican vice presidential nominee since 1984 has been announced prior to the national convention.
Democratic and Republican delegates still vote to approve the vice presidential nominee at their conventions, but do so through acclamation rather than a roll call vote. Green and Libertarian delegates vote on a vice presidential candidate at their conventions. At the 2020 Libertarian National Convention, for example, the vice presidential vote went to a third ballot.
2016 vice presidential nominees
See also: Vice presidential candidates, 2016 2016 vice presidential nominees Party Name Previous office Announcement date Democratic Party Tim Kaine U.S. senator from Virginia July 22, 2016 Republican Party Mike Pence Governor of Indiana July 15, 2016 Green Party Ajamu Baraka Human rights advocate August 1, 2016 Libertarian Party Bill Weld Former governor of Massachusetts May 29, 2016
Vice presidential nominees, 1900-2016
Vice presidential nominees, 1900-2016 Year Democratic vice presidential nominee Republican vice presidential nominee Winner 1900 Adlai Stevenson Theodore Roosevelt Roosevelt 1904 Henry Davis Charles Fairbanks Fairbanks 1908 John Kern James Sherman Sherman 1912 Thomas Marshall James Sherman Marshall 1916 Thomas Marshall Charles Fairbanks Marshall 1920 Franklin D. Roosevelt Calvin Coolidge Coolidge 1924 Charles Bryan Charles Dawes Dawes 1928 Joseph Robinson Charles Curtis Curtis 1932 John Garner Charles Curtis Garner 1936 John Garner Frank Knox Garner 1940 Henry Wallace Charles McNary Wallace 1944 Harry Truman John Bricker Truman 1948 Alben Barkley Earl Warren Barkley 1952 John Sparkman Richard Nixon Nixon 1956 Estes Kefauver Richard Nixon Nixon 1960 Lyndon B. Johnson Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. Johnson 1964 Hubert Humphrey William Miller Humphrey 1968 Edmund Muskie Spiro Agnew Agnew 1972 Sargent Shriver Spiro Agnew Agnew 1976 Walter Mondale Bob Dole Mondale 1980 Walter Mondale George H.W. Bush Bush 1984 Geraldine Ferraro George H.W. Bush Bush 1988 Lloyd Bentsen Dan Quayle Quayle 1992 Al Gore Dan Quayle Gore 1996 Al Gore Jack Kemp Gore 2000 Joe Lieberman Dick Cheney Cheney 2004 John Edwards Dick Cheney Cheney 2008 Joe Biden Sarah Palin Biden 2012 Joe Biden Paul Ryan Biden 2016 Tim Kaine Mike Pence Pence
- Presidential candidates, 2020
- Democratic presidential nomination, 2020
- Republican presidential nomination, 2020
- Presidential election, 2020
- Vice presidential candidates, 2016
- Possible vice presidential picks, 2016
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