In 2017, NASA’s Cassini probe sent back the closest images of Saturn as it plunged into the planet’s stormy atmosphere and obtained amazing information. So what if humans explored Saturn?
Saturn is 1.2 billion km from Earth, with today’s spacecraft technology, it would take you about 8 years to make the trip. Finally, you arrive and see Saturn with your own eyes, it’s a giant planet, the second largest in the solar system and 760 times larger than Earth.
To have come here, but to miss Saturn’s rings is really flawed. This belt is about as wide as the distance between the Earth and the Moon, they appear to be a giant solid disk but when approached, the belt is made up of millions of blocks of ice, some as small as dust grains, Others are as big as buses. To go all the way on this belt must go through a distance of 12 million km, approximately 15 laps from the Earth to the Moon. Along the way, you will encounter small Moons.
The material here is gradually separating from the belt, towards Saturn to form meteor showers. Turns out, Saturn’s magnetic field is pulling material on the rings toward the planet, so it’s lucky we’re visiting Saturn now, as the rings will disappear in about 300 million years.
Enter the planet
We’re going to go into Saturn and land at the North Pole, but wait, there’s no ground underneath for a landing. Saturn is made up almost entirely of hydrogen and helium, which is why it’s called a gas giant. We reach Saturn’s atmosphere from a distance of 4,000 km above the surface. When we cross the North Pole, we will admire a beautiful aurora borealis. Saturn’s magnetic field generates large electric currents, which heat up the atmosphere at the poles, which can disrupt navigation systems and onboard electronics.
Next, we’ll enter the troposphere 250km above the surface. Be careful, strong winds can hit us at nearly 400 m/s. Three times faster than the strongest storms on Earth. Around us are dense yellow clouds and are also the main color of this planet. They are filled with Ammonia. It’s best to keep the door closed. Ammonia is very irritating and can wreak havoc on your respiratory system. And yet, the temperature here is -250 degrees Celsius, much colder than the East Antarctic Plateau (-100 degrees Celsius) – the coldest place on Earth. Now let’s go down to a slightly warmer place.
At this point, we have reached the surface of the planet, which is covered with a mixture of water vapor and Ammonia gas, the temperature is 0 degrees Celsius. The deeper we go, the higher the pressure causes water molecules to freeze. forming violent hailstorms. Let’s hope they don’t tear our ship to pieces, if we make it through, we’ll make it to the next deck.
After going 1,000 km inland. Here, the pressure is so high that it forces hydrogen molecules to compress together into a liquid form, which is not good, because even the strongest submarine would be crushed under these conditions.
After the liquid hydrogen layer is the liquid metal hydrogen layer located at a depth of 30,000 km inland. The problem here is that metals can conduct electricity, so even if our navigation equipment and electronics escaped the aurora upstairs, it would certainly not be intact on this floor.
But if we can survive, our last stop of exploration is Saturn’s core. Scientists suspect Saturn has a core made of iron and nickel, but they are not sure if it is liquid or solid like Earth’s core. So we’ll be the first lucky ones to know this once and for all.
However, the temperature here is more than 83,000 degrees Celsius, hotter than the surface of the Sun and easily dissolving the spacecraft and its crew. I think we should go back while we can!
Source: Science Insider